What are mudras? Is there scientific research that substantiates the mudras? And what benefits do mudras offer? These are the questions we’ll be looking at inn this guide.
My aim with this guide is to provide the ultimate article on mudras. There are many articles online that introduce the mudras, but I have not found any that really explain what mudras are or how they work, at least not in-depth.
I wanted to fill that gap.
With this article I am bringing together my knowledge of mudras. I have spoken to several great masters, and I have read countless articles and books on mudras. I am bringing that knowledge together to create this guide.
My purpose with The Daily Meditation is to spread meditation and spirituality to a million people. If that is a mission you believe in, join me. Share this article on Facebook and Twitter, leave a comment, join me on social media and via our newsletter, and let’s bring spirituality to the masses.
And now for my ultimate guide to mudras.
What Are Mudras?
Let’s start from the beginning. What are mudras?
Mudras are symbolic gestures that involve various parts of the body.
For instance, there are mudras that involve the eyes, the body, the breathing organs… and of course there are mudras that use the hands and the fingers.
Different mudras symbolise different states of mind. For instance, the Abhaya mudra, which we will look at later, symbolises fearlessness. The Gyan mudra brings peace and serenity. For all mental states, there is a corresponding mudra.
So, mudras symbolise states of mind. But not only do mudras symbolise states of mind they also help you access those states of mind. So if you, for instance, use the Abhaya mudra for an extended period of time you will become fearless.
This is precisely what happened to me five years ago. I went through a period of terrible stress when I was forced to leave my home in Canada to return to England. For personal reasons my mind was literally full of fear about my health and my future. I took myself outside our rural home in Oxfordshire, England and meditated for six hours in the rain while using the Abhaya mudra. Let me tell you, a six hour meditation session using the Abhaya mudra will make a huge difference to your mind. Six hours later I felt focused and mentally strong. Thanks to this and other meditation sessions, I overcame the stress, returned to health, and have been healthy since.
That’s one of many times that mudras have worked for me personally. But let’s look at how mudras work scientifically.
How do mudras work?
Mudras activate certain parts of the brain. And mudras also affect your body. We will look at how this process works a little later on.
For now, let’s say that by bending, extending, crossing, or touching the hands and fingers we illicit certain changes on the mind and body.
These hand positions may be used with specific body positions, which is especially the case in Kundalini Yoga.
Kundalini Yoga expert Lothar-Rudiger Lutge says, “Kundalini Yoga acknowledges that all parts of the hands and fingers form reflex zones for associated parts of the body and brain. So, in this way, the hands are a mirror to the body and mind.”
We can learn a lot about the use of mudras by considering hand reflexology charts.
When we use mudras we activate the hands and fingers but also influence the correlation parts of the body, as shown in the chart above.
Some mudras, however, use not just the hands but other parts of the body too.
Mudras are also vert closely related to body language. And there has been a great deal of research into how body language work.
Thanks to science we know that the way you hold your body has a direct effect on your state of mind.
For instance, when you are trying to look inside yourself as though seeking your intuition, you will naturally move your eyes closer together, going semi-cross-eyes and gazing upwards between the eyebrows. You will do this naturally and unconsciously. But this exact same position, with your eyes slightly crossed and gazing upwards between the eyebrows, happens to be the exact same position used in the Shambhavi mudra, the “Eyebrows Gazing Gesture”, which, not by coincidence, is used for insight and intuition.
Why not perform your own scientific observations on the mudras. It’s strange that we value the opinions of others so highly above our own. Scientists base their beliefs on observation. The definition of science is methodical observation. When we observe human nature we see that the mudras rise naturally, and that they do lead us to the states that they are intended to lead us to. The term “mudra” simply makes us more conscious of these hand and body positions. And when you try the mudras for yourself, you will observe that they do have an affect on your body and mind. And that is every bit as scientific as a man in a white coat.
We learn more about how mudras work by considering history and evolution
If we knew where mudras originated from it would be easier to understand the science behind them. Unfortunately, no one knows precisely where mudras originate from. They are found in Asia, but they are also used throughout the world.
It is, however, quite inevitable that mudras should be used globally and by all societies, because mudras stem directly from body language. They are modeled poses of moves that we naturally make. All people and many animals use their hands / paws as a way to express emotion.
People from all cultures, as well as animals like chimpanzees, use their hands or paws as a primary means of communicating emotions. And we all share certain gestures, such as the gesture in which we place our palms together, fingers reaching to the sky. Christians call it the “prayer gesture”. Hindus and Buddhists call it the “Anjali mudra”. And even chimps use the exact same gesture. Just goes to show, we are more alike than we are different.
Mudras have always existed in India. But they’ve existed in Europe too. Many of the hand gestures used in Christianity actually stem from Nordic rituals, such as raising the hands to invoke the gods.
And then there’s today.
Just think about how you use your hands. The next time you talk to someone, be mindful of how you are expressing your emotions via your hands. You will notice that you naturally make lots of mudras and gestures and that they naturally relate to your emotions and mental states.
Mudras and Hastas (arm poses) are very important in Hinduism and represent the many Hindu gods. Each god has specific attributes, so by using the mudra of a specific god Hindus will invite that same trait into themselves. And these same mudras are seen in Indian Classical Dance.
You’ll see many of the mudras in Buddhist and Hindu art too. A Buddha statue will often depict Buddha in the Dharmachakra Mudra (Wheel Mudra). A Hanuman statue will often show Hanuman in Abhaya Mudra. Next time you buy a Hindu or Buddhist wall decal take a close look. You’ll probably see a mudra in it.
So, tracing the exact origins of mudras is impossible, because mudras arose in many cultures at around the same time.
Using The Mudras To Regulate Elements In Your Body
Many cultures believe that the universe is comprised of different elements, for instance in China, Japan and India. Most cultures, for instance, share the common universal elements earth, air, fire, and water, and some cultures, like Buddhism and Hinduism, also recognise space (or ether).
These cultures believe that the better you regulate those fundamental elements in your body, the healthier you will be.
Earth: Earth, or Bhumi, refers to matters that are solid, which include your own body.
Air: Earth is called Pavan in Sanskrit and related to breath.
Fire: Fire (Agni) provides warmth and can refer to bodily heat and to the warmth provided by the breath.
Water: (Jala) is one of the most important elements for health, wellbeing and survival. All of the liquids in the body come under this element.
Space: (Ether / Aakash) is the element that brings the others together.
When these elements are balanced and harmonised in the body you will be healthy. And when these elements are out of balance you may suffer from illness and disease, whether mental or physical.
Mudras relate to these elements in specific ways
- Mudras that relate to the Earth element will include the ring finger
- Mudras that relate to Air will include the index finger
- Mudras that relate to Fire will include the thumb
- Mudras that relate to Water will include the little finger
- Mudras for Ether will use the middle finger.
How Do You Practice Mudras?
It is very easy to practice a mudra, provided you know what the mudra is.
All you have to do is place your hands and finger into the right formation.
For instance, to make the Karana Mudra you simply extend your fifth and second fingers and curl your remaining fingers inwards so that your thumb touches your third finger.
Here are the most important tips to bear in mind when practicing mudras.
1. When you adopt a mudra you should have only minimal pressure in your fingers and your hands should feel relaxed and with no tension. At times this might be a challenge. Some mudras are quite complex. For instance, the Shakti mudra requires that you make a fist while extending your fourth finger upwards and your fifth finger outwards. The Shakti mudra is fine for young yogis, no doubt, but a challenge for older people and especially for people with arthritis. But thankfully, not all mudras are as complicated as the Shakti mudra.
2. You may notice that you struggle to make certain mudras. Perhaps you can do a mudra with one hand but not with the other, or you need to use one hand to support the other before you can do the mudra. In that instance, simply do what you need to do to perform the mudra comfortably. If you can only make a mudra with one hand while using the other for support, that is fine.
3. The more you practice the mudras the more comfortable you will be with them and the less pain you will have in corresponding parts of your body.
4. But bear in mind, mudras do not need to be performed perfectly to have effect. Do your best, and trust that the more you practice the easier it will become.
5. You can do a mudra in any position. Lying down, sitting up, standing, all are fine. The only exception to this is when the mudra involves specific body positions. For instance, when you make the s (a Yoga mudra) you need to extend one leg out and curl the other in, and you will only be able to do this sitting down. But most mudras are not like the Maha mudra. Where the Maha mudra involves the whole body, most other mudras can be performed with just your hands.
6. As with meditation, when you practice a mudra you should have good posture. Make sure your spine is in good alignment and that your entire body is relaxed with no tension (except for some specific yoga mudras, like the Maha mudra above, that intentionally use tension in the body).
7. Relaxation is important to the flow of energy around the body, whether that’s Kundalini energy, prana, chi, or any other kind of energy, the more relaxed you are the better your energy will flow.
8. You might also like to use pranayama (rhythmic breathing used in Yoga) to get more into the mudra.
9. One of the best positions for mudras are the sitting positions used in Zen meditation. Take a look at the link for more information.
What do you think about when you use a mudra? Or should you meditate?
When you use a mudra you can meditate in one of the many different types of meditation. Or you might choose to think about something.
Unlike in meditation, when you are practicing a mudra you can think about something else if you wish. However, in my experience, for the best effect you should meditate. The choice is entirely yours. Thinking about something will not prevent the mudra from working.
If you are meditating, the best type of meditation to use are basic breathing meditations. Be mindful of pranayama, of the rhythmic flow of your breath through your body. And for the best effect with many mudras you will want to adopt a certain position while visualising a certain thing while using the mudra. The complete combination of these elements can lead to profound changes in your mind and body.
Where and when should you practice mudras?
It is entirely up to you when and where you practice mudras. And provided you are able to relax and focus, you are fine using mudras anywhere. Some yogis even practice mudras while stuck in traffic, though there are of course inherent dangers to that.
Some of the best times to use mudras are in the morning, during lunch break, after work, and before bed. As I mentioned, it is entirely up to you when you practice the mudras. Provided you are focused and relaxed, all is well. If you truly want a profound transformational experience, go to a relaxing and beautiful nature spot and try practicing mudras there. You’ll love it.
That said, in the beginning you may very well want to just practice the mudras at home. Then, once you have grown accustomed to the different mudras you will be able to use them more easily and more quickly wherever you happen to be. For instance, if you’re stuck with a bad customer on the phone at work you can use the Gyan mudra (palms up with index finger touching thumb). The Gyan mudra is a very relaxing mudra. So in stressful moments you can use the mudra for a quick spot of relaxation.
Which mudra should you use, and in what order?
When you practice mudras, you should not hop from one mudra to the next. This is a mistake lots of beginners make. And it is understandable. When you’re doing something new it’s fun to try out different things. But this will not work for mudras.
It takes a period of time for a mudra to be effective. If you are a beginner you will need to use a mudra for at least ten minutes before it has an affect on your mind. If you switch from one mudra to the next you won’t experience any heightened mental, you’ll just get a vague impression of one state, and then another and so on. It is much better to stay with one mudra and to truly get into that mudra so you can experience it fully.
Choose one mudra and stick to it for at least ten minutes before moving on. Try using our meditation timer to time your sessions.
You might also like to leave a gap between different mudras.
When you use a mudra you will change your mental state and you will change your world. Every change of mind brings with it a change of world. So, when you use a mudra you change your mind and change your world. But it will take a short while to truly experience those changes. So, when you are starting out, leave a few hours between different mudras.
How long should you hold a mudra for?
There is a lot of discussion about how long you should hold a mudra for.
The great masters do not agree on a set amount of time. Keshav Dev, an Indian mudra researcher, says that you should hold one mudra for 45 minutes a day. However, if you are new to mudras you will struggle with this and you may end up with pain in your fingers. That’s why it is best to use one mudra three times a day for 15 minutes at a time with a break of at least a few hours between each session.
Kinesiologist Kim da Silva, a recognised mudra expert, recommends that you choose how long you will hold the mudra before you begin. This helps to stop distractions. If you don’t set a time you will be checking the clock, and that is not conducive to heightened mental states.
If you are using mudras to cure a specific problem, or if you have a health condition, you should ask a healthcare professional for advice on which mudras you can use and how long you can use them for. If you have arthritis in your fingers, for instance, holding a mudra for too long will lead to pain and perhaps even injury. For more about this, take a look at my guide to the best mudras for health.
Some mudras are used for health conditions. For instance, the Linga mudra can be used for lung complications. Mudras like this should only be used for as long as necessary. When you notice the health benefits you are looking for you should stop.
When you finish a mudra, you might like to be still and silent for ten minutes and meditate on your breath. This is a great way to finish your mudra session.
Enhancing mudras through breathing, affirmations, and visualisation
Holding the actual hand position of a mudra is the basic foundation of the experience. If you would like to enhance the experience, you use visualisations, affirmations, and breathing techniques.
The first and most important of these enhancements is the breath and prnayama.
Here is what you need to know:
1. You should make sure that you have good posture anytime you use a mudra. Your spine should be in good alignment and your arms should be relaxed about one inch to the side of your body. You will know when you have the right position because you will feel more solid and more stable with less tension in your body.
2. Before you begin a mudra session you should make sure that you are breathing deeply (diaphragmatically). The easiest way to do this is by using breathing meditations for a few minutes. Do Nine Round Breathing before you use a mudra. It will produce a much better result.
3. If you are using a mudra for relaxation you should breathe deeply and in a slow and relaxed fashion.
4. If you are using a mudra to produce energy or to refresh yourself, breathe out more vigorously.
5. Overall, breathing should be flowing, energised, deep, and slow.
6. When you inhale, you can apply a little more pressure in the hands and fingers.
7. When you exhale, relax the hands and fingers (while still maintaining the mudra).
8. As well as using these breathing tips, you can add visualisations and affirmations to your mudras. Though, the exact visualisation and affirmation will depend on the mudra you are using.
Enhancing mudras though music, colours, and more
There are many more ways that you can enhance your mudra practice. Essentially, any way in which you can influence your mood can also be used to enhance your meditation practice.
For instance, consider music.
If you visit a meditation retreat, a rehabilitation centre, a luxury spa, or anywhere else that is designed to get you feeling a certain way, you will hear relaxing and uplifting music.
You already know the beneficial effects music can have. And you can used music to enhance your mudra practice too.
I’ve put together a collection of the best free meditation music, which you might like to use during your mudra practice. Take a look. There are lots of very talented artists in that collection. You will definitely find some music that compliments your practice.
But you do not need to use specific meditation music.
Any music that creates the right mental state can be used during your mudra practice. For instance, if you are practicing the Apan mudra to relax, you might like to put on some relaxing classical music. Or if you are using the Ksepana mudra, which produces happiness and positivity, you might like to put some uplifting music on.
Just as you can match music to mood, you can do the same thing with colours.
Colour psychology can be used to help create the right mood in the room you are practicing your mudras in. For more on this, take a look at my guide to designing a meditation room, which explains how to create a room for the specific mood you’re looking for.
There are many more ways in which you can enhance your practice. Try a variety of ways to produce the right mood for you.
So Why Use Mudras? Healing, Health, Mood, Body, And Mind.
One of the main reasons to use a mudra is to heal your body and mind. Mudras can be used to cure a variety of both mental health and physical health problems.
Mudras For Physical Health Problems
There are many mudras that can help with physical health problems. The majority of these mudras come from Chinese medicine and are based on Five Element Theory. It can seem quite bizarre that putting your hands into a specific position can help with a health problem in, for instance, your lungs. But once you actually try the mudras you can feel the difference for yourself.
It is worth noting that the mudras should not be used by themselves to cure health problems.
If you are suffering from a health problem you shouldn’t look at mudras as the be-all-end-all answer to your problems. Instead they offer additional support.
The best health system is a holistic one that includes mudras alongside diet and exercise. However, mudras can make a big difference.
When you use a mudra for a specific health problem you will usually use one specific mudra every day for a number of weeks or even months. It takes many months or years for most diseases to form, so it takes quite a long time for a mudra to heal the problem.
Mudras for Health Problems Include:
The Gyan Mudra is performed by touching the tip of the index finger to the tip of the tumb and having the remaining three fingers held straight out.
The Gyan mudra enhances your knowledge and the way you use that knowledge.The thumb’s tip relates to the energy of the endocrine and pituitary glands. By using this mudra for ten minutes you will activate these glands. This improves memory and helps to enhance the brain. It heightens attention and can cure insomnia. It is also helpful for anxiety and depression.
The Prithvi Mudra is performed by touching the tip of the ring finger to the tip of thumb, with the other fingers pointing straight out.
The Prithvi Mudra helps to cure musco-skeletal problems and also helps with gaining weight and also reducing skin problems.
Varuna Mudra – Water Mudra
The Varuna mudra is performed by touching the tip of the little finger to the tip of the thumb with the remaining three fingers being held out straight.
The Varuna Mudra / Water mudra balances water and helps to prevent dehydration. This is helpful for balancing the blood stream and also helps with muscle shrinkage and Gastroenteritis.
Varuna Mudra – Water Mudra
The Varuna mudra is performed by touching the tip of the little finger to the tip of the thumb with the remaining three fingers being held out straight.
The Varuna Mudra / Water mudra balances water and helps to prevent dehydration. This is helpful for balancing the blood stream.
The Vayu Mudra / Air Mudra is performed by placing the index finger underneath the thumb so the tip of the index finger touches the base of the thumb. Hold the other fingers out straight.
The Vayu Mudra / air Mudra balances the air element and helps with relieving arthritis, gout, rheumatism, Parkinson’s disease and paralysis.
Ashwini Mudra: Helps with sexual health.
Sarabhi mudra: Helps energy to flow through the body.
Shunya Mudra / Emptyness Mudra
The Shunya Mudra / Emptyness Mudra is performed by placing the third finger underneath the thumb, the tip of the third finger touching the base of the thumb. The other fingers are held straight.
The Shunya Mudra / Emptyness Mudra helps to sharpen your mind and can also clear ear infections. It is best practiced for 40 – 60 minutes at a time.
The Surya Mudra / Sun Mudra is performed by placing the fourth finger underneath the thumb so the tip of the fourth finger touches the base of the thumb. The other fingers are held out straight.
The Surya Mudra / Sun Mudra is best performed for 10 -15 minutes. It helps with weight loss and also reduces anxiety.
The Prana Mudra / Life Mudra is performed by pressing the tips of the ring finger and little finger to the tip of the thumb. The remaining fingers are held out straight.
The Prana Mudra / Life Mudra improves strength and mobility, helps lower cholesterol and blood pressure and helps with getting you active. It also boosts the immune system and helps sight.
Apana Mudra / Digestion Mudra
The Apana Mudra is performed by pressing the tips of the ring finger and middle finger to the tip of the thumb. The other fingers are held out straight.
The Apana Mudra is the best mudra for helping digestion. Practice it for 45 minutes a day and it will help regulate blood sugar, relieve constipation, gastroenteritis and IBS.
Apana Vayu Mudra / Heart Mudra
The Apana Vayu Mudra / Heart Mudra is performed by pressing the tips of the ring and fourth finger to the tip of the thumb and curling the index finger over to press the base of the thumb while the little finger is stretched out. Practice this mudra for ten minutes at a time and it will help with the wellbeing of your heart. It regulates palpitations and helps digestion.
To perform the Linga mudra, interlock the finger of both hands. Now hold the thumb of the left hand straight up and wrap the index finger and thumb of the right hand around it.
Practicing the Linga Mudra for ten minutes will produce heat in the body and will assist the lungs and relieve phlegm. It can help to cure colds and fevers and is a great help with bronchial infections.
Mudras for psychological problems and emotional problems
As well as helping to heal physical health problems, mudras can heal emotional and psychological problems too.
Mudras are actually a wonderful form of brain training because when you use specific hand and finger formations you activate different regions of your brain. Mudras can also be used to influence brainwaves, for instance to enter the positive and productive alpha brainwaves.
You can use mudras to create positive emotions too. Take a moment now to gently rub the tips of your thumb and index finger together. Notice how it creates a very positive feeling? And that is just one very simple gesture.
Mudras can also balance your right and left brain. Balancing the brain’s hemispheres is one of the proven benefits of meditation. And it is a benefit of mudras too. When you balance the brain’s hemisphere in this way you enhance cognitive function and improve your memory.
As I mentioned, there has been preciously little scientific research into the mudras. However, science is just observation. You can conduct the science, the observation for yourself. Make a fist. You will feel power and anger. Now relax your hands, place them palms up in your lap, and curl your index and thumb so their tips touch. This is the Chin Mudra. Notice how it makes you feel relaxed? Of course, this is very rudimentary science. However, nothing can beat personal observation. Notice how mudras make you feel. And stick to the mudras that work for you.
All the most important mudras
The Mudras And Their Uses
Vajroli Mudra: Energises the sexual organs.
Ganesha Mudras: Strengthens heart. Opens bronchial tubes. Open fourth chakra. Promotes courage, confidence and openness towards other people.
Usha Mudra: Helps you wake up in the morning and provides energy.
Pushan Mudra: Helps with digestion. Increases oxygen and decreases carbon-dioxide. Detoxifies.
Bronchial Mudra: Strengthens breathing and helps with respiratory problems.
Asthma Mudra: Helps with asthma and other breathing difficulties.
Pran Mudra: Activates root chakra. Improves vitality and self confidence.
Linga mudra: Increases body heat and helps with breathing problems.
Apan Mudra: Supports removal of waste products from body. Balances mind. Improves liver.
Shankh Mudra: Used in Hindu rituals. Also helps eliminate throat problems.
Surabhi Mudra: Helps with rheumatism and osteoarthritis.
Vayu Mudra: Prevents wind.
Shunyu Mura: Helps with ear and hearing problems.
Prithivi Mudra: Strengthens root chakra. Increases sense of smell. Good for hair, fingers, nails and bones.
Varuna Mudra: Clears congestion to helps with sinus and throat problems.
Vitarka Mudra: Promotes the energy of teaching.
Bhudi Mudra: Balances fluids. Helps with dry eyes and mouth. Strengths kidney and bladder.
Apan Vayu Mudra: Helps with heart attack and other chronic heart problems. Promotes calmness.
Back Mudra: Helps with back problems, especially after exercising.
Kubera Mudra: Helps you to find specific things and to progress towards your goals.
Kundalini Mudra: Increases sexual energy and strengthens sexual organs.
Ksepana Mudra: Helps skin, lungs and large intestine to eliminate toxins and other wastes. Also removes expended energy.
Rudra Mudra: Strengthens the earth element and corresponding organs, including the heart.
Garuda Mudra: Strengthens blood flow and circulation to provide a boost to your vital organs. Balances mood.
Suchi Mudra: Relieves constipation. Helps eliminate unwellness, spite, impatience, violent temper, and clinging.
Mushti Mudra: Helps you find the cause of aggression and to let anger out in a healthy way.
Matangi Mudra: Improves breathing and boosts energy in the solar plexus. Stimulates wood element, which represents new beginnings. Helps with organs.
Mahasirs Mudra: Removes tension in the head and face to reduce headache, sinus, neck and back pain.
Hakini Mudra: Balances right and left brain and enhances communication between the two, which improves memory and cognitive function.
Tse Mudra: Stops sadness and depression and improves insight and intuition.
Khechari Mudra: Creates energy and helps to remove hate, anger and desire.
Vajra Mudra: Increases energy and circulation.
Bhramara Mudra: Strengthens immune system and helps with allergies.
Uttarabodhi Mudra: Strengthens metal element, which helps with lungs and large intestine. Refreshes mind and body.
Detoxification Mudra: Helps remove waste and toxins and also removes negative thoughts, bad habits and similar negatives.
Shakti Mudra: Helps with diaphragmatic breathing and promotes inner calm.
Maha Sacral Mudra: Helps relieve abdominal complaints and menstruation pains.
Makara Mudra: Activates kidney energy and fights depression to create positive energy.
Mukula Mudra: Is used to balane the body’s electrical field to cure pain and health problems.
Joint Mudra: Helps to promote joint health, especially in the knees.
Kalesvara Mudra: Promotes inner calm and stillness and promotes positive character traits.
Shivalinga Mudra: Stops listlessness, depression and fatigue and promotes positive energy.
These infographics shws all thee different mudras.
Click the images for full size.
Anjali Mudra: Used for inner peace and calmness. Aids in meditation and prayer.
Dhyani Mudra: Helps with contemplation and brings new insight and information to mind.
Mudra of the Inner Self: Opens the heart chakra and connects you with the divine.
Lotus Mudra: Opens the heart chakra. Promotes love. Brings blessings.
Abhaya Mudra: Helps you overcome fear and brings protection.
Varada Mudra: Helps with self forgiveness and brings blessings.
Bhumisparsha Mudra: Grounds you and promotes oneness and enlightenment.
Dharmachakra Mudra: Represents the cycle of life, death and rebirth and inspires you to contribute to society.
Vajrapradama Mudra: Gives you faith in yourself and promotes self confidence.
Dhayana Mudra: Promotes enlightenment.
Naga Mudra: Promotes wisdom and shrewdness and helps with everyday problems.
Pushpaputa Mudra: Helps with openness and acceptance. Helps us to both give to the universe and to receive.
There are also many Qi Gong mudras, such as these Qi Gong Mudras For Healing.
Click image for full size
Hatha Yoga Mudras
Bhuchari Mudra: Promotes memory and concentration. Calms the mind.
Shambhavi Mudra: Reduces stress. Activates third eye. Promotes insight.
Agochari Mudra: Stimulates root chakra. Promotes concentration. Calms nervous system.
Akashi Mudra: Balances brain hemispheres. Produces calm. Creates inner balance.
Bhujangani Mudra: Aids to digestion and relieves stomach complaints and gas.
Kaki Mudra: Improves mouth, gums and digestive tract. Boosts sense of taste.
Yoni Mudra: Closes off external sources to create a supreme relaxation.
Shanti Mudra: Stimulates root chakra to provide more energy to the body.
Maha Mudra: Helps with many physical pains and diseases.
This list if taken from Gertrud Hershi’s excellent book Mudras: Yoga in Your Hands, which is one of the best books on mudras.
I hope you have found this guide to mudras helpful. It is my aim in this guide to provide the science, art, and realities of mudras and to show you how you can use mudras in your own life.
It is my passion and purpose to bring spirituality and meditation to a million people. If I have helped you, please will you leave a comment? That will let me know that I am moving in the right direction.