Physical activity is essential for both physical and emotional well-being. It aids in the improvement of overall health and fitness, the maintenance of weight, the prevention of many chronic diseases, and the promotion of good mental health.
Different economies in the world are undergoing an epidemiologic transition, in which the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing while infectious diseases are still being abolished. Due to socioeconomic inequality, poverty, and unequal access to resources, including health care, women globally bear a disproportionately higher burden of non-communicable diseases.
Most of the time, behavioral and lifestyle factors such as nutrition and physical activity are blamed for this change. In addition, infectious and non-communicable diseases together place additional strain on a country’s medical resources. As a result, even though women live longer with NCDs than men, they are usually in poor health.
Women and Physical Inactivity:
Even though we are all aware that physical activity has numerous health benefits for women and children, their physical activity engagement remains low. Women are burdened with dual responsibilities of housekeeping and child care, leaving little time for their biological activities and care.
Besides their busy life schedule, one of the essential aspects of physical inactivity in women is a lack of awareness which comes through education and experience, which is a challenge knowing how busy women are with housekeeping and childcare.
A crucial aspect is acquiring education, which can turn things around, help women manage their time better. Nowadays, educational institutions are offering online degrees to candidates without attending a physical university.
This is an excellent opportunity for women to consider earning an online mph to learn more about managing health issues and understanding the schematics of public health in a broader sense altogether. What’s more, earning a degree online gives women an opportunity to advance their careers while simultaneously assisting themselves and others in essential aspects of life.
Moving on with the reasons for promoting physical activity in women and children, they are as follows.
- Strengthens Bones and Muscles:
As you grow older, maintaining the health of your bones is crucial because, without healthy, strong bones, you can’t complete daily activities or stay physically active. Moderately active aerobic, muscle-strengthening, and bone-strengthening physical activity can help prevent bone loss.
Physical activity also lowers the incidence of falling and fall-related injuries in people beyond the 40s. Falls and fall-related injuries are reduced most effectively in physical activity programs that combine multiple types of physical exercises.
- Decreased Cardiovascular diseases:
In the United States, cardiovascular diseases and strokes are two of the most common causes of death. Following the guidelines, at least 150 minutes of exercise or any activity per week can minimize your risk of developing these diseases.
In addition, physical activity will help you reduce the risk even more. It can also help decrease blood pressure and lower cholesterol levels.
- Enhanced Flexibility:
Women and children can benefit from activities that teach them to bend, stretch, and reach. Children and women who are flexible enough can participate in daily activities without experiencing pain or overexertion in their muscles or joints.
Flexibility improves posture, lowers muscle stiffness and soreness, improves relaxation, and reduces the risk of injury. Children must be able to twist and bend their bodies through the full range of typical motions without overexerting themselves or injuring themselves to be physically fit.
- Reduces stress:
Muscle stiffness from unmanaged stress can contribute to headaches, stomachaches, and other sorts of discomfort. Therefore, a youngster must learn to recognize stress in his body and how to dissipate it properly.
One of the most effective strategies to manage stress is to exercise. A physically active child is less prone than his sedentary peers to develop stress-related illnesses.
- Helps in staying super active:
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle allows women and children to participate in activities that necessitate a level of particular physical fitness. Hiking or climbing to the hilltop or mountain, for example, is a rewarding experience that provides a feeling of accomplishment and excellent views. Still, due to physical limitations, some people are unable to do so.
For people who neglected physical activity for long periods, even going to a nearby park with your family or playing with your children might be difficult, but it is just as rewarding.
- Increases Strength:
Children and women can strengthen their muscles by working against resistance. As a result, kids with adequate muscular strength can deal with the demands of daily life without putting too much stress on their joints and muscles.
Strength-building activities help build strong bones and muscles, maintain good posture while improving the ability to lift and maneuver things and obstacles. They also support healthy growth and development.
- Healthy Weight Maintenance:
To maintain healthy body weight and lose excess body weight, both food and physical exercise are essential. When anyone consumes more calories than he/she burns, there’s weight gain.
- Increased Chances of Living:
Physical activity, according to research, can lower your risk of dying young from everyday causes of death, such as heart disease and various illnesses. It is noteworthy in two ways: Physical activity is one of the few lifestyle decisions that have such a significant impact on your health.
For example, people who engage in physical activity for 150 minutes per week had a 33% decreased risk of all-cause mortality than those who do not.
- Reduced overall health risks:
Lack of physical activity causes many health-related problems, like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and in extreme cases, even cancer. For example, type II diabetes is caused by two key risk factors: abdominal obesity and physical inactivity.
Here’s an interesting fact. For 16 years, Hu et al. followed up on 84941 female nurses. This group had no coronary artery disease, diabetes, or cancer at the start of the study. However, according to the researchers, physical inactivity was the cause of 91 percent of 3300 new instances of type 2 diabetes.
- Reduced risk of anxiety and depression:
After exercise, the majority of people report feeling peaceful and well-adjusted. According to one idea, movement causes the body to create beta-endorphin, a natural molecule hundreds of times more potent than morphine. It helps the body fight anxiety and depression and effectively reduces the risk of both anxiety and depression remarkably.
Serotonin, a mood-regulating chemical produced by the body, increases during exercise and boosts the energy and strength of our nerve cells, according to a 2019 study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
As a result, it could help prevent neurological disorders like Parkinson’s Disease. Serotonin levels in the central nervous system are also linked to happiness, increased appetite, and a reduction in mental depression.
Even though we’re all aware that physical activity has numerous health benefits for women and children, the lack of it remains an issue that must be addressed.
Women are burdened with the responsibilities of housekeeping and child care, leaving little time for physical activity. It is crucial to inspire women and children to be physically active and set daily physical exercise goals for themselves. Exercise or any physical activity should be a part of the daily schedule.